ڤیلینیۊس

د ڤیکیپدیا، دونسمنامٱ آزاد
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
Vilnius
City
Clockwise from top right: Gediminas' Tower, Vilnius business district, Presidential Palace, Pilies Street, Gate of Dawn, St. Anne's Church.
Clockwise from top right: Gediminas' Tower, Vilnius business district, Presidential Palace, Pilies Street, Gate of Dawn, St. Anne's Church.
باٛرٱقVilnius
باٛرٱق
نشوݩ زایاراٛییVilnius
نشوݩ زایاراٛیی
Official logo of Vilnius
Logo
شعار: Unitas, Justitia, Spes
(Latin: Unity, Justice, Hope)
چوٙأ:Maplink
Interactive map of Vilnius
Country Lithuania
County Vilnius County
Municipality Vilnius City Municipality
Capital of Lithuania
First mentioned 1323
Granted city rights 1387
Elderships
دۉلٱت
 • Type City council
 • Mayor Remigijus Šimašius
جاگٱپی
 • City
۴۰۱ km۲ (۱۵۵ sq mi)
 • مترۉ ۹٬۷۳۱ km۲ (۳٬۷۵۷ sq mi)
بلنڳی
۱۱۲ m (۳۶۷ ft)
نفۊس(۲۰۲۰)[۷]
 • City ۵۸۰٬۰۲۰
 • گیرینج (52nd in EU)
 • تٱپسن نفۊس
۱٬۳۹۲/km۲ (۳٬۶۱۰/sq mi)
 • شٱئری ۶۹۷٬۶۹۱
 • مترۉ ۸۱۰٬۲۹۰[۶]
 • تٱپساٛیی مترۉ ۸۳/km۲ (۲۱۰/sq mi)
نوم ڤلاتمٱنی Vilnian
راساگٱ گاتی EET (یۊ تی‌ سی +۲)
 • توئسوݩ (DST) EEST (یۊ تی‌ سی +۳)
Postal code 01001–14191
رازینٱ تلٛفوݩ (+370) 5
GDP (nominal)
Vilnius county[۸]
2018
 – Total €18.9 billion
($21 billion)
 – Per capita €23,400
($26,000)
HDI (2017) 0.896[۹]very high
دؽارگٱ vilnius.lt
Official name Historic Centre of Vilnius
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Designated 1994 (18th session)
Reference no. [۱]
UNESCO region Europe

ڤیلینیۊس پاتٱخت ڤلات لیتوڤانی ئٱ

سرچشمٱ[آلشتکاری]

  1. Widespread nickname of Vilnius, that appeared because of a strong Litvak community. Today it is used primarily speaking about the past of the Jewish community of Vilnius, e.g. A book "Vilnius, in search of Jerusalem of Lithuania".
  2. Widespread use of the nickname from the XVI c. to this day as a reference to the many Catholic churches and monasteries in Vilnius and overall religious atmosphere in the centre. This nickname was/is used not only by the foreigners, but also by the local population, e.g. Lithuanian cultural figure of the XIX c. Dionizas Poška nicknamed Vilnius "Rome of the North", as, according to him, Vilnius is "the old religious centre, that transformed from a pagan city into the bastion of Christianity". D. Poška, 'Raštai', Vilnius, 1959, p. 67
  3. Cultural newspaper, that is published in Vilnius from 1990, is named „Šiaurės Atėnai“ (The Athens of the North) as a reference to one of the nicknames of Vilnius, that was widespread nickname of the city, esp. in the first half of the XIX c. and the first half of the XX c. mostly because of Vilnius University. During the interwar period, Polish scientific newspaper, published in Vilnius, was also named "Atheneum Wileńskie".
  4. Esp. in the 16th–17th centuries, Vilnius was referred to as the ‘New Babylon’ because of many languages, spoken in the city as well as many religions presented (there were various Christian communities as well as Jews and even Muslim Tatar community). E.g.: S. Bodniak, ‘Polska w relacji włoskiej z roku 1604’, Pamiętnik biblioteki kórnickiej, 2, (Kórnik, 1930), p. 37.
  5. This nickname was very popular among the Lithuanian nobility, citizens of Vilnius and used among the poets, esp. during the Baroque period. Many poets of the period, including Maciej Kazimierz Sarbiewski, nicknamed Vilnius "the capital of Palemon" or "the city of Palemon". Živilė Nedzinskaitė, Vilnius XVII-XVIII a. LDK lotyniškojoje poezijoje, Acta Academiae Artium Vilnensis, Vilnius, 2010, p. 16; Eugenija Ulčinaitė, Motiejus Kazimieras Sarbievijus: Antikos ir krikščionybės sintezė; Vilniaus pasveikinimas, Lietuvių literatūros ir tautosakos institutas, Vilnius, 2001, pp. 47, 59, 61, 63; etc.
  6. Vilnius County
  7. خٱتا جاگٱ:نامعتور <ref> سردیس; هیچ نیسسه یی سی چیا نوم نیائه دیار نکردهpop.lt
  8. "Statistinių rodiklių analizė". Statistics Lithuania. https://osp.stat.gov.lt/informaciniai-pranesimai?articleId=6012573. 
  9. Sub-national HDI. "Area Database – Global Data Lab" (in en). https://hdi.globaldatalab.org/areadata/shdi/.