جٱنڳ کٱرنال

د ڤیکیپدیا، دونسمنامٱ آزاد
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
Battle of Karnal
بٱرجایی د Nader Shah's invasion of the Mughal Empire & the Nader's Campaigns
Nadir Shah at the sack of Delhi - Battle scene with Nader Shah on horseback, possibly by Muhammad Ali ibn Abd al-Bayg ign Ali Quli Jabbadar, mid-18th century, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.jpg
Portrait of Nader Shah at the sack of Delhi in the aftermath of his victory at Karnal
ڤیرگار 24 February 1739
جاگٱ Karnal, Punjab region, North India
29°43′36.5″N 77°04′00.7″E / 29.726806°N 77.066861°E / 29.726806; 77.066861Coordinates: 29°43′36.5″N 77°04′00.7″E / 29.726806°N 77.066861°E / 29.726806; 77.066861
نٱتیجٱ Decisive Persian victory[۱]
آلشتکاریٛا
ڤلاتجایا
The Mughal capital of Delhi is occupied, and then sacked. All Mughal territories north of the Indus River are annexed by the Persian Empire.
لایٛا درگیر
Nadir Shah Flag.svg Persian Empire Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg Mughal Empire
فٱرمونیٛا و رٱدیارکاریٛا
Nadir Shah Flag.svg Nader Shah
(Shāhanshāh)
Muhammad Shah
(Mughal Emperor)
نیرۊیا
55,000[۴][۵][۶]
300,000[۶][۷][۸][۹]
کوشتٱ و زٱخمداریٛا
1,100[۱۰] 20,000–30,000[۷]

جٱنڳ کرنال (۵ اْسفٱند ۱۱۱۷، ۱۵ ذی‌القعده ۱۱۵۱، ۲۴ فڤریٱ ۱۷۳۹) نوم یاٛ جٱنڳؽٱ کاْ باٛناْ نادرشا ٱفشار ۉ هند اوفدا ڤ رٱ. دٱلٛیلٛ پؽش اوماین اؽ جٱنڳ، فرار ٱفغانیا یوغی ڤ هندسوݩ ۉ تٱسلٛیم نٱکردنشو ڤ دٱس مۏمٱ شا گۊرکانی، شا اۊسنی هندسوݩ بیٱ.


سرچشمٱ[آلشتکاری]

  1. Dupuy, R. Ernest and Trevor N. Dupuy, The Harper Encyclopedia of Military History, 4th Ed., (HarperCollinsPublishers, 1993), 711.
  2. David Marshall Lang. Russia and the Armenians of Transcaucasia, 1797–1889: a documentary record Columbia University Press, 1957 (digitalised March 2009, originally from the University of Michigan) p 142
  3. Valeri Silogava, Kakha Shengelia. "History of Georgia: From the Ancient Times Through the "Rose Revolution" Caucasus University Publishing House, 2007 ISBN 978-9994086160 p 158, 278
  4. Floor, Wiilem(2009). The rise & fall of Nader Shah: Dutch East India Company Reports 1730–1747, Mage Publishers
  5. Floor, Willem(1998). new facts on Nadir Shah's campaign in India in Iranian studies, p.198-219
  6. ۶٫۰ ۶٫۱ Jaques, Tony (2006), "Karnal-1739-Nader Shah#Invasion of India", Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: A Guide to 8,500 Battles from Antiquity through the Twenty-first Century, Westport, CT: Greenwood, p. 512 
  7. ۷٫۰ ۷٫۱ Axworthy, Michael (2009). The Sword of Persia: Nader Shah, from tribal warrior to conquering tyrant, p. 254. I. B. Tauris
  8. Mohammad Kazem Marvi Yazdi, Rare views of the world" 3 vols., Ed Amin Riahi, Tehran, Third Edition, 1374
  9. "History of Nadir Shah's Wars" (Taarikhe Jahangoshaaye Naaderi), 1759, Mirza Mehdi Khan Esterabadi, (Court Historian)
  10. Axworthy, Michael (2009). The Sword of Persia: Nader Shah, from tribal warrior to conquering tyrant, p. 263. I. B. Tauris