اومۊری تۏرکیٱ

د ڤیکیپدیا، دونسمنامٱ آزاد
پرش به ناوبری پرش به جستجو
Economy of Turkey
İstanbul view from İstanbul Sapphire observation deck Aug 2014, p9.JPG
Levent business district in Istanbul
Currency Turkish lira (Turkish lira symbol 8x10px.png) (TRY)
calendar year
Trade organisations
G-20 major economies, OECD, EU Customs Union, WTO, ECO, BSEC
Statistics
GDP $1.746 trillion (PPP, 2017)[۱]
$791 billion (Nominal, 2017)[۱]
GDP rank 18th (nominal) / 15th (PPP)
GDP growth
3.0% (2014), 4.0% (2015e), 3.5% (2016f), 3.5% (2017f)[۲]
GDP per capita
$22,002 (PPP, 2017)[۱]
$9,969 (Nominal, 2017)[۱]
GDP by sector
agriculture: 8.1%; industry: 27.7%; services: 64.2% (2015 est.)[۳]
6.57% (April 2016, CPI)[۴]
Population below poverty line
16.9% (2010)[۵]
0.39 (2014)[۶]
Labour force
29.4 million (2015 est.)
Labour force by occupation
agriculture: 25.5%, industry: 26.2%, services: 48.4% (2010)
Unemployment 9.3% (April 2016)[۷]
Main industries
textiles, food processing, autos, electronics, tourism, mining (coal, chromate, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper
55th (2015)[۸]
External
Exports Decrease $153.6 billion (28th) (2015)[۹]
Export goods
Main export partners
 Germany 9.3%
 United Kingdom 7.3%
 Iraq 5.9%
 Italy 4.8%
 United States 4.5%
 France 4.1% (2015)[۱۱]
Imports Decrease $204.3 billion (22nd) (2015)[۱۲]
Import goods
Main import partners
 China 12%
 Germany 10.3%
 Russia 9.9%
 United States 5.4%
 Italy 5.1% (2015)[۱۴]
FDI stock
Increase $184.1 billion (29th) (31 December 2015)[۱۵]
$402.4 billion (30th) (31 December 2014)[۱۶]
Public finances
31.2% of GDP (2016)[۱۷]
Revenues $225 billion (2015)[۱۸]
Expenses $234 billion (2015)[۱۸]
Economic aid donor: $1.6 billion, 0.21% of GDP. Also, It would make Turkey the 3rd largest donor by volume, the 2nd largest by percentage of GNI on the ODA in 2015 report.[۱۹][۲۰]
Foreign reserves
Increase $135.638 billion (6 December 2013)[۲۴]
Main data source: CIA World Fact Book
All values, unless otherwise stated, are in US dollars.


سرچشمٱ[آلشتکاری]

  1. ۱٫۰ ۱٫۱ ۱٫۲ ۱٫۳ "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". IMF World Economic Outlook Database, April 2015. 14 April 2015. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2008&ey=2014&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=186&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=&pr.x=63&pr.y=3. Retrieved 12 July 2015. 
  2. "World Bank forecasts for Turkey, June 2016". World Bank. http://pubdocs.worldbank.org/en/842861463605615468/Global-Economic-Prospects-June-2016-Divergences-and-risks.pdf#page=22. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  3. "GDP - Composition by Sector". CIA World Factbook. 2012. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2012.html#tu. Retrieved 2013-04-25. 
  4. http://www.tuik.gov.tr
  5. "Population below poverty line". CIA World Factbook. 2010. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2046.html#tu. Retrieved 2013-04-25. 
  6. "Gini Coefficient by Equivalised Household Disposable Income". Turkstat. http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/PreIstatistikTablo.do?istab_id=1601. Retrieved 13 Apr 2016. 
  7. "..::Welcome to Turkish Statistical Institute(TurkStat)'s Web Pages::..". turkstat.gov.tr. http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/Start.do. 
  8. "Doing Business in Turkey 2015". World Bank. http://www.doingbusiness.org/data/exploreeconomies/turkey. Retrieved 2015-09-10. 
  9. "2015 Exports figures of Turkey". CIA World Factbook. 2015. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2078.html#tu. Retrieved 2016-08-08. 
  10. "Exports Products of Turkey". CIA World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2049.html#tu. Retrieved 2013-04-25. 
  11. "Exports Partners of Turkey". CIA World Factbook. 2015. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2050.html#tu. Retrieved 2016-08-03. 
  12. "2015 Imports figures of Turkey". CIA World Factbook. 2015. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2087.html#tu. Retrieved 2016-08-08. 
  13. "Imports Products of Turkey". CIA World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2058.html#tu. Retrieved 2013-04-25. 
  14. "Imports Partners of Turkey". CIA World Factbook. 2015. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2061.html#tu. Retrieved 2016-08-03. 
  15. "2015 Foreign Direct Investment in Turkey". CIA World Factbook. 31 December 2015. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2198.html#tu. Retrieved 2016-08-08. 
  16. "2014 External Debt of Republic of Turkey". CIA World Factbook. 31 December 2014. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2079rank.html?countryName=Turkey&countryCode=tu&regionCode=mde&rank=32#tu. Retrieved 2016-08-08. 
  17. "European Economy 2015, p 129" (PDF). European Commission. 2015. http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/publications/european_economy/2015/pdf/ee1_en.pdf. Retrieved 13 Apr 2016. 
  18. ۱۸٫۰ ۱۸٫۱ "2015 bütçesi komisyondan geçti". Sabah. 26 November 2014. http://www.sabah.com.tr/ekonomi/2014/11/26/2015-butcesi-komisyondan-gecti. 
  19. "GLOBAL HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE REPORT 2015". Global Humanitarian Assistance. 2015. http://www.globalhumanitarianassistance.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/GHA-Report-2015_-Interactive_Online.pdf. Retrieved 2016-04-13. 
  20. خطای لوآ در ماجول:Citation/CS1/en در خط 257: Argument map not defined for this variable.
  21. ۲۱٫۰ ۲۱٫۱ "Sovereign credit ratings". Standard & Poor's. http://www.standardandpoors.com/ratings/sovereigns/ratings-list/en/us?sectorName=null&subSectorCode=39&filter=T. Retrieved 2 August 2016. 
  22. "Rating Action:Moody's downgrades Turkey's outlook from Baa3 to Ba1-15 July coup attempt". https://www.moodys.com/research/Moodys-Downgrades-Turkeys-Issuer-And-Bond-Ratings-To-Ba1-With--PR_354341. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  23. "Fitch upgrades Turkey's rating to investment grade". Today's Zaman. http://www.todayszaman.com/news-297169-fitch-upgrades-turkeys-rating-to-investment-grade.html. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  24. "Turkish Central Bank reserves to brake a record". PortTurkey.com. 13 December 2013. http://www.portturkey.com/finance/5791-turkish-central-bank-reserves-to-brake-a-record. Retrieved 2013-12-18.